The evidence is mounting that inequity is as simple as the start to life. Toxic stress (substance abuse, poor nutrition, relationship and financial stress ) in utero and infancy is well documented to effect development and health outcomes across a lifespan: From the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP):
By targeting those early years, it has been demonstrated that outcomes for following generations may improve. From Nicholas Kristof of the New York Times:
The social network has changed in the last half century from being church and community focused to a focus on the individual and work. The development of a new social network around the early childhood years makes sense. Change negative outcomes by empowering communities and individuals to help themselves. Severely limit benefits after 6 months (or 18 months after the birth of a child) but fully fund food banks and parenting programmes that deliver educational qualifications so just by virtue of being a dedicated Mom or Dad you can have a career in some facet of ECE. Benefits breed victimhood and an angry abusive underclass. However utilising the childhood years to empower communities may create job and volunteering opportunities for all.